Endometriosis is a chronic condition where the cells that line the endometrium are displaced outside of the uterus. Typically, these cells are located within the pelvis; however, endometriosis can also be found on other organ sites including the bowel or within the chest cavity. Endometriosis symptoms can range in severity and some women may have no symptoms at all. Other women may have painful monthly periods, painful intercourse, painful urination or defecation and infertility. Although this condition is not life threatening, it can alter a woman’s quality of life. This inflammatory process can only be diagnosed through a surgical procedure known as a laparoscopy. First-line treatment for women who do not currently desire a pregnancy and has suspected or diagnosed endometriosis is hormonal contraceptive therapy for hormonal suppression. There are also individualized surgical treatment options that can be explored depending on the severity of the condition.
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